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July 13, 1814: The Carabinieri, the national gendarmerie of Italy, is established.

July 14, 1798: The citizens of Paris storm the Bastille.

July 15, 1799: The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-Francois Bouchard during Napoleon’s Egyptian Campaign.

July 16, 1782: First performance of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s opera Die Entfuhrung aus dem Serail.

July 17, 1794: The sixteen Carmelite Martyrs of Compiegne are executed ten days prior to the end of the French Revolution’s Reign of Terror.

July 18, 1389: The Kingdoms of France and England agree to the Truce of Leulinghem, inaugurating a 13 year peace (the longest period of sustained peace during the Hundred Years War).

July 19, 1848: A two-day Women’s Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls, New York.